Work through the BBC online tutorial at:
It’s a well-designed example of an online tutorial too.
Also have a look at:
Encyclopaedia of Educational Technology http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/formeval/index.htm
(McGill and Beatty 1994) provide useful suggestions about giving effective feedback:
2. Emphasise the positive
3. Be specific
4. Focus on behaviour rather than the person.
5. Refer to behaviour that can be changed.
6. Be descriptive rather than evaluative.
7. Be very careful with advice. People rarely struggle with an issue because of the lack of specific piece of information. Often, the best help is helping the person to come to a better understanding of their issue, how it developed, and how they can identify actions to address the issue more effectively.”
Beatty (1994) Action learning: A practitioner’s guide. London: Kogan Page p159-163.
Feedback should be:
so that students feel encouraged and motivated to improve their practice.
so that students can use it for subsequent learning and work to be submitted.
so that students can recall what they did and thought at the time.
- Supportive of learning
should be linked to a clear statement of orderly progression of learning so that students have clear indications of how to improve their performance.
on achievement, not effort. The work should be assessed, not the student.
- Specific to the learning outcomes
so that assessment is clearly linked to learning.
so that it engages students and they are required to attend to feedback, removing the need for continually giving the same student the same advice.
- Fostering of independence
so that it leads students to being capable of assessing their own work.
for staff to do.
Types of feedback
worked examples (e.g. verbal feedback in class, personal consultation).
in writing (e.g. checklists, written commentary, generic exemplars).
to individual student (either in written form or in consultation).
to whole class (e.g. generic exemplars).
given during the run of the topic, enabling risk taking and adjustment prior to final submission.
given at the end of a topic, with the purpose of letting students know what they have achieved.